A Beginner’s Guide on How to Make a Flat White Coffee

The flat white is the new kid on the block when it comes to espresso-based coffee. It originally came from the land down under, and it is now filling menus in cafes and coffee shops around the world. But what makes a flat white popular with coffee drinkers?

Let us take a deeper look at its definition, the history of the drink, and how to make one. Find out what sets it apart from other espresso-based beverages.

What is a Flat White?

A flat white is an espresso-based drink that consists of steamed milk and microfoam. The microfoam consists of milk that is gently infused with air. The result will be silky textured milk with tiny, barely visible air bubbles. A flat white traditionally comes in small sizes, smaller than typical lattes and cappuccinos.

The flat white is available in both local specialty cafes and large-scale chain coffee shops. When making this drink, make sure the espresso is in a higher concentration than the milk. In that way, the coffee flavors become more prominent over the sweetness coming from the milk. It is also a good practice for professional baristas and home baristas to only add a thin layer of foam onto a flat white. It will prevent any distraction due to multiple textures.

The artistry that goes into producing an excellent espresso can often go unnoticed due to the focus on steaming milk. The key to successful and delicious tasting flat whites lies in making the two important ingredients: a quality microfoam and a well-balanced espresso shot. It means steaming the milk to consistent tiny bubbles while not losing the original espresso recipe.

If done correctly, the flat white can be extremely delicious and perfect to the taste. Making a flat white is a great way to showcase the intrinsic flavor of espresso in a milk-based drink.

The History of Flat White

Flat white is said to originate from the countries down under – Australia or New Zealand, depending on who you are talking with. The discovery of this drink comes from the desire to create a more interesting version of coffee found at home.

Some reports said the term ‘flat white’ was coined in Sydney. While others say that Melbourne discovered the said drink and put a name to it around the 1980s. There are also claims that New Zealand’s baristas that both the original and modern form of the flat white in Wellington during the late 1980s.

It is much more precise coffee than a standard latte, which is why many coffee drinkers and baristas put it on their top list worldwide.

How to Make a Flat White

To make a flat white, you will need the following tools and ingredients:

  • An Espresso machine
  • Milk frother (if you do not have one attached to the espresso machine)
  • Milk steaming pitcher or cup of your choice
  • A grinder for espresso brewing (unless you already have pre-made ground espresso coffee)
  • Milk of your preference
  • A 180 ml cup where you will brew your coffee

To make an epic flat white, you will need a good espresso and velvety microfoam. The flavour is often determined by the type of coffee you will use. If you are making your espresso with your preferred blend, you are already halfway to being in love with your flat white.

To make the velvety microfoam, use steamed milk. If done the right way, you will have a thick, velvety texture flat white with no large bubbles. The better your steamer, the better your microfoam will be.

If you go to your local specialty coffee shop, your barista will be able to prepare a flat white for you. However, if you want to create your own flat white, try following these simple steps:

  1. If you do not have any pre-ground coffee, you will need to grind whole espresso beans. Prepare at least 16 grams of ground coffee, then pour 120 mls of milk to prep for the steaming process.
  2. Begin the extraction process by grinding your coffee directly